Spinning Charged Ring
Dave Bergman developed and published (in 1990) the
Spinning Ring model of elementary particles. Charge near the surface of
the thin ring rotates at the speed of light.
This was the first physical model of particles
that agreed with all the experimental data. The model requires fewer
assumptions than the quantum model of particles. Unlike the quantum
model, the new model is a physical model, and it is free of self-
The ring model not only accounts for
characteristics of the electron but also works for the proton, positron
and the antiproton (with different size, mass, etc.). A single model is
successful for all known stable charged elementary particles.
The charge on the ring is held in place by the
magnetic pinch force which balances the strong Coulomb force.