Hydrogen Gas Molecule
Two ring electrons and two ring protons combine to
form a molecule of Hydrogen gas (H2). Measurements of proton and
electron magnetic moments in hydrogen gas indicate the proton is 658
times smaller than the electron.
Electrostatic and magnetic forces between the
rings hold each ring in place. Each ring is like a dipole bar magnet
with North and South poles that lock it to the rings nearest it.
A computer simulation of all forces between the
rings showed the forces on a ring would be in balance at the positions
shown which achieve a minimum of potential energy.